Of all the different types of skin ailments and infections psoriasis is one condition that affects large sections of the populace in the US and the rest of the world. This skin condition is an autoimmune that has a recurrent nature and can be identified by the characteristic scaly red patches on the surface of the skin. Sometimes, you won’t be able to tell psoriasis from eczema requiring you to opt for a biopsy for correct diagnosis. The condition is idiopathic which means the exact causes behind the ailment are yet to be pinpointed. On the other hand, there is no effective cure for psoriasis.
However, the signs or symptoms of psoriasis can be managed and the same prevented from aggravating via a combination of treatment methods including medications, light therapy and topical creams. Using a blend of the aforementioned treatment options as suggested by a dermatologist can check skin cells from growing abnormally and rapidly thereby keeping plaque formation and inflammation in abeyance.
Additionally, continuing with the remedial alternatives can go a long way in smoothening the skin and getting rid of the scaly or flaking skin patches. Topical corticosteroids, medicated moisturizers, over- the-counter unguents and shampoos containing coal tar, OTC products having salicylic acid, Calcineurin inhibitors, topical retinoids, Anthralin, and vitamin D analogues are remarkably effective against mild psoriasis. However, if the condition is more severe, the affected individual can opt for blending these topical lotions or creams with light therapy or oral medications.
Opting for light therapy requires or involves phototherapy where artificial or natural UV light is used. The most convenient and useful technique is letting the affected area come in direct contact with natural sunlight. Other recommended forms of light therapy include Excimer laser, photochemotherapy, Goeckerman therapy, narrow band UVB therapy, and UVB therapy.
Medications that are popularly used for psoriasis include retinoids, Cyclosporine, Methotrexate, Droxia, and Hydrea.